A look back at some of Africa’s major food crises shows conditions still faced by many Africans today: poverty, drought, conflict, and environmental degradation due to overgrazing, deforestation, and other types of environmental damages.
Recurring failed rainy seasons have made it impossible for many East African farmers and herders to keep up their livelihoods. Flash floods during the 2018 rainy season are increasing humanitarian needs in South Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, and Kenya.
There are large differences among continents in the prevalence of severe food insecurity. Approximately 27.4% of the population in Africa was classified as severely food insecure in 2016, which is almost four times as high as any other region. Alarmingly, food insecurity is on the rise, specifically in sub-Saharan Africa. From 2014 to 2016, food insecurity increased by about 3% (FAO, 2017).