A look back at some of Africa’s major food crises shows conditions still faced by many Africans today: poverty, drought, conflict, and environmental degradation due to overgrazing, deforestation, and other types of environmental damages.

1968 to 1980s — A drought in the Sahel region led to 1 million deaths in Mali, Chad, Niger, Mauritania, and Burkina Faso.

1980 to 1981 — Drought and conflict led to widespread hunger in Uganda.

1984 to 1985 — Famine in Ethiopia. Drought in the northern highlands and problems delivering aid led to approximately 1 million deaths and massive displacements.

1991 to 1992 — The Somalia famine was caused by drought and civil war.

1998 to 2004 — During the Second Congo War, more than 3 million people died in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, mainly from starvation and disease.

2011 to 2012 — The Horn of Africa hunger crisis was responsible for 285,000 deaths in East Africa.

2015 to 2016 — A strong El Niño affected almost all of East and Southern Africa, causing food insecurity for more than 50 million people.

2017 — 25 million people, including 15 million children, need humanitarian assistance in East Africa. In September, inter-communal conflict in Ethiopia leads to more than 800,000 people being displaced internally.

2018 — From February to May, torrential rains in East Africa caused floods that killed people, livestock, and crops, and washed away roads and bridges making it hard to deliver aid. In June, rain brought some relief to dry pastures and cropland. But the height of the lean season brought severe food shortages for many.

2019 — The regional outlook through May is positive, overall. But forecasts for war-rattled South Sudan show easing food insecurity in some areas and increased needs in others.

Work citation: https://www.worldvision.org/hunger-news-stories/east-africa-hunger-famine-facts